If you intend traveling to Japan for vacation or intend living there, it is very important to get a visa that is most appropriate for your intended activities in Japan. Japan has 27 types of visa and there requirements as well as the authorized activities are different for each of them. It is therefore very Important to first determine one particular type of visa that will allow you to do what you would like to pursue in Japan, Then you can satisfy the requirements of that particular visa.
These 27 Japanese visas can be divided into 3 main groups:
1.Working visa: Those which allow you to work.
Working visas can only be useful for those that have high level of professional knowledge or skills. It is therefore not possible for foreigners to engage in manual / simple labor under a working visa, unless they have the visa granted according to the family status (spouse/child of Japanese national, long term resident, etc.), a trainee visa, or are part-time workers on student or dependent visas.
For example, there are no work visas for; hair-dressing, massage therapists, waiter/waitress, salesclerk, construction workers, etc.
The most typical working visas to work in private companies are the following 5 types.
|Visa type||Authorized activities||Requirements|
|*Engineer / Specialist in Humanities / International Services||Engineer: Working in the fields of physical science, engineering or other natural science.
Specialist in humanities: Working in legal, economic, social fields or in the human science.
International services: Working in translation, interpretation, language instruction, public relations, international trade, fashion design, interior design, product development.
|Engineer:University degree in the corresponding field or 10 years of professional experience
Specialist in humanities: University degree or 10 years’ professional experience in the field
International services: 3 years’ professional experience in the field except for interpretation / translation or language instruction that only require a university degree.
|*Intra-company Transferee||Expats of foreign companies or the subsidiary companies of Japanese firms located overseas||Must have worked more than one year in the said office in overseas|
|*Skilled Labor||Foreign cooking, architecture or civil engineering characteristic to foreign countries, processing precious stones, metals or fur, training animals, piloting aircrafts, instructing sports, sommeliers…||3-10 years’ professional experience (number of years depending on the type of work) in the corresponding fields (including the period of training)|
|*Business Manager||Starting or investing into a business in Japan, or managing business on behalf of other investors||Physical, dedicated office space in Japan and 5 million yen investment into the business for new application. 10 million yen sales and 5 million yen expenses for renewal.|
The following are the types of working visas granted to those who have certain status, knowledge, or skills.
|Diplomat / Official||Personnel of the Embassies and Consular Offices, Diplomatic Missions, Government personnel and their families. The application goes through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and not the Immigration bureau.|
|Professor||Research and education at University or equivalent educational institutions.|
|*Instructor||Instruction of foreign languages or other education at elementary schools, junior high schools, high schools, etc.
*Instructors in the private language schools must apply for the “Specialist in Humanities / International Services” visa.
|Artist||Artistic activities that generate sufficient income to support the artists life in Japan (painter, sculptor, photographer, writer, composer, songwriter, etc…)|
|Religious Activities||Missionaries sent from foreign religious organizations.|
|Journalist||Journalists who signed the contracts with foreign media organizations, including freelance journalists.|
|*Legal / Accounting Services||Attorneys, certified public accountants or other specialists with legal qualifications.|
|*Medical Services||Physicians, dentists or other medical specialists with Japanese qualifications.|
|*Researcher||Research conducted under a contract with public or private organizations in Japan|
|*Entertainer||Theatrical performances, musical performances, sports or any other show business|
2.Non-working visa: Those which don’t allow you to work.
|*Students||Students enrolled in universities, vocational schools (senmon gakko), high schools, junior high schools, elementary schools or Japanese language schools.The visa application is submitted through the school and the time of application is limited.|
|*Trainee||Training to lean and acquire technology, skills or knowledge at public or private organizations in Japan.
This status is granted only if the candidate is to engage in a job requiring the technology, skills or knowledge obtained in Japan after returning to the home country.
|*Technical Internship||Internship after training under trainee visa|
|*Dependent||Spouses or children of people staying in Japan under the work visa and non-working visa (except for temporary visitors and trainees).|
|Cultural Activities||Cultural or artistic activities that provide no income.
Studies or researches of Japanese cultural or artistic activities.
University students on internship without remuneration.
|Temporary Visitor||Tourism, vacation, sports, family visit, participation to seminars, conferences or reunions. It is possible also to have business meetings, sign contracts, engage in PR activities and conduct market research.|
The following status of residence is granted case by case, and the possibility or not to work is determined for each case.
|Designated Activities||Activities specifically designated for each case.
Housekeepers for diplomats, students on internship, working holiday,
* These visas are subject to requirements that are determined by considering the impact on the industries and society in Japan, and to adjust the quality and/or quantity of the entrants.
3.Family related visa: Those granted according to the family status.
These visas have no restriction on the activities to be engaged, so it is possible to work in any field or industry. You are free to change jobs or to have more than one activity
|Spouse or Child of Japanese Nationals||Spouses and children of Japanese nationals|
|Long Term Residents||Refugees, descendants of Japanese nationals, people caring for their children with Japanese nationality, people divorced from Japanese nationals, etc.|
|Permanent Residents(Indefinite) *Note||Visa granted to those who have stayed certain conditions regarding the length of time spent in Japan, income, tax payment, etc. For more detail, please refer to this page.|
|Spouse or Child of Permanent Residents||Spouses and children of Permanent Resident|
Note that only one person can get only one type of visa at a time, so if you are eligible for more than one (engineer visa and spouse visa for example), you will need to choose one visa type among your options, we can advise on the best type of visa for you.